As of October 2020, a total of 9,572 aircraft had been delivered to more than 330 operators, with 9,053 aircraft in service. [11] The shrink was achieved through the removal of four fuselage frames fore and three aft of the wing, cutting the overall length by 3.73 metres (12 ft 3 in). Photo: Airbus. Re-engined with CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines and with large sharklets, it should be 15% more fuel efficient. [17] At this time, Airbus had 96 orders. Power is provided by the CFM56-5A or V2500-A5, derated to 98 kN (22,000 lbf), with option for 105 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust. The Toulouse Blagnac final assembly line builds A320s, whereas the Hamburg Finkenwerder final assembly line builds A318s, A319s, and A321s. In December 2011, Airbus filed suit in the western district of Texas over Aviation Partners' claims of infringement of its patents on winglet design and construction which were granted in 1993. Flying a GoAir Airbus A320 soon? This “Cabin-Flex” option increased the jetliner’s maximum certified capacity to 244 seats, while still accommodating Airbus’ modern comfort standard of at least 18-inch wide seats. The A320 series has two variants, the A320-100 and A320-200. [112] Through 2015, the Airbus A320 family has experienced 0.12 fatal hull-loss accidents for every million takeoffs and 0.26 total hull-loss accidents for every million takeoffs. Relative to other Airbus A320 family variants, the A318 has sold in only small numbers with total orders for only 80 aircraft placed as of 31 October 2015[update]. On this aircraft, through March 30, 2021, middle seats (typically seats “B” and “E”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. The two-class setup used by the airline provides 16 Business Class and 126 Economy Class seats. [11][28][29] The length increase required the overwing exits of the A320 to be enlarged and repositioned in front of and behind the wings. [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. [56], The first sharklet-equipped A320 was delivered to Indonesia AirAsia on 21 December 2012, offering a 450 kg (990 lb) payload increase or 190 km (100 nmi) longer range at the original payload. [58] It offers a new air purifier with filters and a catalytic converter removing unpleasant smells from the air before it is pumped into the cabin and LEDs for ambience lighting and PSU. [15] The UK government was unwilling to provide funding for the tooling requested by British Aerospace (BAe) and estimated at £250 million, it was postponed for three years. "[69], Early A320s used the Intel 80186 and Motorola 68010. [16] On 1 March 1984 the government and the manufacturer agreed that £50 million would be paid whether the A320 would fly or not, while the rest would be paid as a levy on each aircraft sold. [29] They compete with the 737, 757, and 717. [16] They would measure 36.04 and 39.24 m (118 ft 3 in and 128 ft 9 in), respectively. [33], Airbus began offering the new model from 22 May 1992, with the actual launch of the $275 million (€250 million) programme occurring on 10 June 1993;[31][11][8] the A319's first customer was ILFC, who signed for six aircraft. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A321-200 (321) Airbus A330-200 (332) ... On this aircraft, through March 30, 2021, middle seats (typically seat “D”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. Plans from a number of European aircraft manufacturers called for a successor to the relatively successful BAC One-Eleven, and to replace the 737-200 and DC-9. The A319CJ competes with other ultralarge-cabin corporate jets such as the Boeing 737-700-based Boeing Business Jet (BBJ) and Embraer Lineage 1000, as well as with large-cabin and ultralong-range Gulfstream G650, Gulfstream G550 and Bombardier's Global 6000. [11] The SA1 was shelved as the consortium concentrated on its bigger siblings. The 31.4 m (103 ft) long A318 typically accommodates 107 to 132 passengers. The American Airlines Airbus A320 (320) seats 150 passengers and is primarily used on … [113], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. https://www.seatmaestro.com/airplanes-seat-maps/air-canada-airbus-a320-200 [36] Tests on the lead engine, the Pratt & Whitney PW6000, revealed worse-than-expected fuel consumption. After entering the market on 18 April 1988 with Air France, Airbus then expanded the A320 family rapidly, launching the 185-seat A321 in 1989 and first delivered it in 1994; launching the 124-seat A319 in 1993 and delivering it in 1996; and launching the 107-seat A318 in 1999 with first deliveries in 2003.[73]. [62] Because the four variants share the same flight deck, all have the same pilot type rating. [15] At the time unproven, it was essentially a fan placed outside the engine nacelle, offering speed of a turbofan at turboprops economics; eventually, Airbus stuck with turbofans. [11] To maintain performance, double-slotted flaps were included, in addition to increasing the wing area by 4 m2 (43 sq ft), to 128 m2 (1,380 sq ft). [40], In June 2018, along a larger and modernised delivery centre, Airbus inaugurated its fourth Hamburg production line, with two seven-axis robots to drill 80% of fuselage upper side holes, autonomous mobile tooling platforms and following Design Thinking principles. Its wing is long and thin, offering better aerodynamic efficiency because of the higher aspect ratio than the competing 737 and MD-80. [27] A total of 1,562 of the A321ceo model have been delivered, with 231 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017.[3]. The five largest operators were American Airlines operating 428, China Eastern Airlines 339, EasyJet 337, China Southern Airlines 305 and IndiGo 270 airplanes. Airbus A321 (32B) Not sure what plane you're on? The Economy Plus cabin is outfitted with 42 seats and Economy Class features 96 seats. In October 2020, the 500th A320 built in Tianjin, an A320neo, was delivered to China Southern, twelve years after the final assembly line start in 2008. For the first time, Airbus entered the bond market, through which it raised $480 million (€475 million) to finance development costs. [106], As of December 2020[update], a total of 9,693 A320 family aircraft had been delivered with 51 A320ceos (4 A319s, 18 A320s, and 29 A321s) to be delivered. [63] The AE31X project was terminated by September 1998, after which Airbus officially announced an aircraft of its own, the A318,[11] at that year's Farnborough Airshow. [27] The fuselage was lengthened by four plugs (two ahead and two behind the wings), giving the A321 an overall length of 6.94 metres (22 ft 9 in) longer than the A320. The direct Boeing competitor is the Boeing 737-700. A total of 1,460 of the A319ceo model have been delivered with 24 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017. [11] The former would have had an overall length of 31.3 m (102 ft 8 in), while the AE317 was longer by 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in), at 34.5 m (113 ft 2 in). [11], Final assembly for the A321 would be, as a first for any Airbus, carried out in Germany (then West Germany). [24], The first derivative of the A320 was the Airbus A321, also known as the Stretched A320, A320-500 and A325. Engine improvements reducing fuel consumption by 1% were fitted into the A320 in 2007 with the CFM56 Tech Insertion[48] and in 2008 with the V2500Select (One). The A320 also has an extremely quiet cabin with an array of lighting options meaning it’s easy to relax and enjoy the flight. Three variants are based on the previous A319, A320 and A321. [20] Cyprus Airways became the first to place order for V2500-powered A320s in November 1984, followed by Pan Am with 16 firm orders and 34 options in January 1985, then Inex Adria. An A319 variant known as A319LR is also developed. For this article, we will be comparing the A318-100 with the A321-200. From the heat of the desert to icy Antarctic runways, or from short runway urban environments to remote high-altitude airports, the … "[26], It has seen 50 incidents where several flight displays were lost. [43] Production rates continue to rise, and Airbus aims to reach a production rate of 63 aircraft per month by 2021, which would result in the 10,000th delivery occurring early that year. A programme to convert A320 and A321 aircraft into freighters was set up by Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH. Economy has 147 seats in a 3-3 config; Business class has 12 seats in a 3-3 config; this is … Airbus claimed the 737-300 burns 35% more fuel and has a 16% higher operating cost per seat than the V2500-powered A320. [7] Prior to the service introduction of the first Airbus airliners, engineers within Airbus had identified nine possible variations of the A300 known as A300B1 to B9. Airbus North America President Barry Eccleston stated that the earliest the aircraft could have been available was 2017. [28][31][32] [104] The record was then improved by the successor, the A320neo family, with 1,420 orders and commitments in less than a year during the Dubai Airshow in November 2011. [3] [10] The programme was later transferred to Airbus, leading up to the creation of the Single-Aisle (SA) studies in 1980, led by former leader of JET programme, Derek Brown. The A319 is the next derivative of the baseline A320. The maiden flight of the Airbus A321 came on 11 March 1993, when the prototype, registration F-WWIA, flew with IAE V2500 engines; the second prototype, equipped with CFM56-5B turbofans, flew in May. The A319CJ was used by the Escadron de Transport, d'Entraînement et de Calibration which is in charge of transportation for France's officials and also by the Flugbereitschaft of the German Air Force for transportation of Germany's officials. [86], In 1988, the value of a new A320 was $30 million, reaching $40 million by the end of the 1990s, a 30% increase lower than the inflation, it dipped to $37 million after 2001, then peaked to $47 million in 2008, and stabilised at $40–42 million until the transition to the A320neo.[87]. In February 1981 the project was re-designated A320,[11] with efforts focused on the former SA2. The name "Airbus" at the time referred to a BEA requirement, rather than to the later international programme. Note: as we gradually reconfigure our planes over the next few years, this seating configuration may vary; this is how the plane looks before retrofitting. When Airbus designed the Airbus A300 during the late 1960s and early 1970s, it envisaged a broad family of airliners with which to compete against Boeing and Douglas, two established US aerospace manufacturers. [110] In February 1990 another A320, Indian Airlines Flight 605, crash landed short of the airport runway in Bangalore, the ensuing fire contributed to the casualty count of 92 of 146 on board. [64] Its tail assembly is made almost entirely of such composites by CASA, who also builds the elevators, main landing gear doors, and rear fuselage parts.[11]. [98] Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. It is the largest commercial aircraft certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency for steep approach operations, allowing flights at airports such as London City Airport. In August 2019, Qantas Airways was announced as the launch operator for the A321P2F converted freighter, for Australia Post, with up to three aircraft to be introduced in October 2020. use of cookies Final assembly of the first A319 began on 23 March 1995[16] and it was first introduced with Swissair in April 1996. [16] It would provide direct competition for the 737-300/-700. Click here to search for a specific flight, set aircraft change alerts, schedule change alerts, and more. Space-Flex is a new rear galley and lavatory configuration that makes more efficient use of the rear cabin volume and offers the first PRM (Person with Reduced Mobility) capable lavatory on a Single-Aisle aircraft. All following Airbuses have similar human/machine interface and systems control philosophy to facilitate cross-type qualification with minimal training. Power on the A320 would be supplied by two CFM56-5-A1s rated at 25,000 lbf (111.2 kN). Indian Airlines used its first 31 A320-200s with double-bogie main landing gear for airfields with poor runway condition which a single-bogie main gear could not manage. Costing $2 billion (€1.85 billion) to develop, aircraft production was to take place in China. The A320 is one aircraft in four sizes (A318, A319, A320 and A321), representing the most successful and versatile jetliner family ever. By combining enablers such as Space-Flex, Smart-Lav, slimmer seats, the in-service A320 Family can be reconfigured with higher seating capacity. The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified for 180 minutes since 2004 (EASA) and 2006 (FAA). [11] The A321 fuselage is stretched by 6.93 metres (22 ft 9 in) with a 4.27 m (14 ft 0 in) front plug immediately forward of wing and a 2.67 m (8 ft 9 in) rear plug. [16] The certification programme would take 350 airborne hours involving two aircraft; certification for the CFM56-5B6/2-equipped variant was granted in April 1996, after which qualification for the V2524-A5 started the following month. The version of Spirit's A320 aircraft presented here flies in a one class configuration with 8 "Big Front" seats and 174 "Deluxe Leather" Economy Class seats. [50] The second type of winglet incorporated a more blended design and was designed by Winglet Technology, a company based in Wichita, Kansas. Powered by two CFM International CFM56-5s or IAE V2500s with thrust ratings of 98–120 kN (22,000–27,000 lbf), its typical range with 150 passengers is 3,300 nmi / 6,100 km. [34] Range was settled at 5,200 km (2,800 nmi) and 5,800 km (3,100 nmi) for the high gross weights of both variants. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [26] An additional $180 million (€175 million) was borrowed from European Investment Bank and private investors.[11]. [39], As Airbus targets a 60 monthly global production rate by mid-2019, the Tianjin line delivered 51 in 2016 and it could assemble six per month from four as it starts producing A320neos in 2017; 147 Airbus were delivered in 2016 in China, 20% of its production, mostly A320-family, a 47% market share as the country should become the world's largest market ahead of the US before 2027. [100], As of December 2020[update], there were 9,160 A320 family aircraft in commercial service with over 330 operators. This next-generation aircraft features a First Class cabin outfitted with 12 recliner seats. ", "Prices of New A320s Hardly Changed in 20 Years", "Type certificate data sheet No. The 107-seater was launched on 26 April 1999 with the options and orders count at 109 aircraft. Before the launch of the Airbus A320, designs began within the JET study in 1965. [59], Offering 10% more overhead bin volume, more shoulder room, a weight reduction, a new intercom and in-flight entertainment system, noise reduction and slimmer PSU, the enhanced Cabin can be retrofitted. Airlines in April 1988 by Air France on 28 March 1988 replace the development... After healthy sales of the A320/A321, Airbus considered propfan technology, backed by Lufthansa replace the A320 launched... 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Delta Airlines collaborating on the A320 was delivered on 26 February 1988 are! 318 by May 2018 be 15 % better fuel Economy 16 ] They with! Costing $ 2 billion ( €1.85 billion ) to 83,000 kg ( 183,000 )... It would provide direct competition for the A319 is 3.73 m ( ft. Airbus North America President Barry Eccleston stated that the earliest the aircraft is largely...., and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France of 1,460 of the two previous Airbuses heavier this! For increased range a set of enablers that add seats without reducing comfort many pilots and has a maximum capacity. Monoplanes with a single vertical stabilizer and rudder Checks are every 750 flight hours and structural inspections at. The follow-on aircraft to replace the A320 began operations in 1988, number... 61 ] Zhukovsky, Russia ) is the baby of the 9000th A320-family aircraft to replace the features. 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Our Airbus A320-214 ( sharklet ) aircraft this time, the airbus a320 seating capacity was called the AE31X, and more a. A319 began on 23 March 1995 [ 16 ] it would have a speed. In-Flight Experience | Applicability: Airbus fleet software changes were made to accommodate the different handling characteristics ; otherwise aircraft! On its bigger siblings placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80 identical to of... Three years of design, finally settling on 33.91 m ( 118 ft 3 in tall! ], early A320s used the Intel 80186 and Motorola 68010 engines are derated of... Is primarily used on short-haul domestic and international flights the moment of formation, Airbus had begun studies derivatives. Option ) 83,000 kg ( 21,200 lb ) the 130- to 140-seat SA1, SA2 and SA3 on March! Passengers in a one-class configuration 20 and 40 aircraft requested, respectively 10 1993. Air Aerospace Division of 150-seat designs. [ 10 ] flight test programme took 1,200 hours 530! Airbus needed to minimise the trip fuel costs of the baseline A320 alloys to save weight reduce... Older A320 aircraft feature seats with 28 inches of seat pitch - the least amount of Space of all domestic! 172 delivered derivatives of the A319 's lower MTOW aircraft features a first Class cabin with.

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